AKC & BREED INFORMATION

 

AKC:

Don't take any chances when adopting your precious purebred Maltese puppy! Some breeders cross Maltese with "possible Maltese look-a-likes" like Poodles, Bichon Frise, Poms, etc. in order to get bigger litter sizes, and thus make more money. And unfortunately they can get away with it with most registries!  AKC offers the largest, most comprehensive set of DNA programs for the purposes of parentage verification and genetic identity to ensure reliable registration records and no funny business! Rest assured, with an AKC registered puppy, you are getting a quality pure breed pet.

The AKC is the only registry that monitors its breeders through inspections and DNA testing.  They are the premier registry because they go to great lengths to ensure their registry is accurate.  They will revoke the papers of any dog whose parentage is shown to be incorrect through DNA sampling.  The AKC is more expensive for a breeder to use than any other registry, but they are unquestionable the best registry, and the only trustworthy one I would ever consider using. 

Many of the other registries require no proof of purebred parentage.  No other registry requires DNA sampling or inspects their breeders like AKC. AKC will revoked papers of unfit kennels and breeders. For your own protection, we suggest only adopting puppies that are AKC registered. Not puppies without papers from breeders who claim the adults are registered. There is no reason not to register the puppies....or is there? Be aware!
 
THE MALTESE BREED:

You've probably seen all the poor Maltese dogs with all the ugly orange/brown staining all over their faces and down their chest etc... Unfortunately, these representations of the breed are very poor ones. And often it is all you see. But well cared for, groomed, and healthy Maltese are truly beautiful and graceful creatures. When kept groomed they are breath taking. They have a beautiful white flowing coat surrounding black little eyes and a little button nose.

When we got our first Maltese, I fell in love immediately! I never knew a dog could be so loving, soft, and precious! They are truly set apart from any other breed! Maltese are very smart, dainty, and easy to train. They love to be held and showered with kisses! They love to be with their owners and get very attached to them. If you have a very busy lifestyle, a Maltese may not be for you. They are known for separation anxiety if left without their owners for too long of time. With responsible children, they make the best little puppy pet. They love to play and romp and be silly. You might find your little puppy conversing with a caterpillar or hopping in puddles. Their innocents is precious. But probably not a good choice for less behaved and very young children. The Maltese is tiny and fragile. Not only can they be physically hurt easily, but their feelings are fragile as well. And little indeed they are. Their small size makes them even more precious.  The AKC standard Maltese weighs in between 4-7 pounds, but can be as large as 12 pounds.

WHAT IS A "TEACUP" PUPPY?

A " teacup" is a term used for the below average weight and size of a puppy/dog. Or, a runt. The term "teacup" is simply a glorified label for runt. Maltese can be anywhere from 3 to 12 pounds, but are averagely between 4-7 pounds, according to AKC standards. If you want to show your puppy in the show ring, you'll want something between 4-6 pounds, although quality is favored over size.

 The "teacup" term came into effect when people started putting their puppies in a teacup to show how small they are. I can tell you, any Maltese will fit into a teacup. Whether it will weigh 4 pounds or 10 pounds at birth, a Maltese puppy will fit in a teacup when it's a baby. Though " teacups" come along naturally in any litter,  some people breed two "teacup" adults purposely to get unbelievable tiny puppies and this is very unhealthy and dangerous. An unbelievable amount of health issues arise from breeding "teacups" to "teacups". Difficult birth that leads to death for the mother, undeveloped puppies, still births, birth defects, chronic health issues, and very short life span are just a few to mention. And many people pay many thousands of dollars for this. Never buy puppies from runt parents. These glorified runts sometimes sell for up to $7,000 by greedy backyard breeders, and then the puppies usually die before their first birthday. Keep it humane and healthy and do not breed "teacups" together! Even 7 pounds is tiny enough! When greedy people start mating these "teacups" together, the risk of damage starts to rise. You can ask any veterinarian, a Maltese over 4 pounds is a healthier dog.

Maltese are a Toy breed. They are small already. And don't assume that some of the tiny puppies you are seeing online or on  TV are "teacups", or under 4 pounds, because chances are, they weigh between 4-8 pounds.


MALTESE HEALTH:

Maltese are generally very tiny. Good care needs to be given to keep them warm in cold months and comfortable in warmer months. Maltese do not tolerate extreme cold or heat. They should have a soft bed to keep them comfortable and warm.

Maltese also have sun sensitive skin and are prone to sunburn, which like in humans, can cause skin cancers. It's always best to have some puppy sun screen on hand if you're going to be out in the sun for a little while. The part down the Maltese back is especially susceptible to burning. Find your baby some sun screen in our store under grooming!

Maltese are prone to dental issues. To avoid any problems, feed them nice crunchy kibble to prevent plaque build up. Dental bones, like the nylabone are a good choice of teethers. And dental treats such as greenies are a good idea for adults as well.

Maltese are prone to hypoglycemia which is low blood sugar.  Too much exercise, stress, fasting, and an improper diet can trigger an attack. Signs of an attack are a weakness, confusion, wobbly gait, frothing or drooling from the mouth, sometimes even a seizure and draining of blood from the head.  A check of the gums will show them to be pale, almost a grayish white in color rather than a healthy bright pink.  The puppy can go into shock and, if not cared for properly and promptly, may even die. If you notice these symptoms, immediately wipe karo syrup into the gums and take to an emergency vet. A high carb, high protein diet is recommended 3-4 times a day for puppies to avoid this condition. hypoglocemia is less common after 12 weeks of age, after the puppy growth spurts have calmed down. For more info. click HERE.

Maltese are also known to be prone to some skin and allergy issues. The best prevention for this possibility is to feed a high quality food, especially our diet, and keep them properly groomed.


GROOMING:

Maltese do not have fur like average dogs. They have hair without an undercoat. This hair is very fine and tangles easily. It is imperative that you keep them groomed daily to prevent painful matting. You may need to take your puppy to a local groomer on a regular basis if you plan to grow their coat out. If you keep your puppy in a puppy cut, which is a short hair cut, you won't have to groom as often, but please do not neglect grooming. And if you feel you do not have time for this responsibility, please consider adopting a different breed of puppy. Please keep our pets out of the shelters!

Maltese also get excess hair down in their ear canal. This hair can matt inside of their ears and cause pain and ear infections. If you are not taking your puppy to a groomer, or having your vet pull it out, you will have to do this. It is relatively easy and painless, and is imperative it gets done at least twice a year.

 And of course you can also take your Maltese to a groomer :-)


Don't forget to visit our store page for links to Amazon with all the supplies we use here at Little Maltese!!